Essentially important feature of a market mechanism consists in the heavy mutual responsibility of firms and the states based on special methods of relief of discipline of the economic relations through punishment of bad performers and remuneration good, by use of a set of levers of economic control.
The overwhelming number of the enterprises in the existing SEZ-are the enterprises of light industry. They make textiles and clothes, consumer electronics, a sports equipment, products from plastic, furniture, the food. However founders of some free zones went on other way and began to promote development of the enterprises of the heavy industry. For example, in Ghana the SEZ enterprises are engaged in processing of the bauxites extracted there in alumina and aluminum.
Initial accumulation of the capital provided industrial upsurge in the country. In the second half of the 16th eyelid fast development of various industries is observed: final finishing of cloth, soap manufacture, shipbuilding, production of gunpowder, paper, saltpeter, sugar, coal production, etc.
Creation of labor camps allowed the unemployed to survive in the conditions of crisis, to soften social tension, and to conduct the works demanding a big investment of labor. The same works performed by construction companies would be much more expensive to the state.
Manufactory workers in England in 16v. received a low wage, only some pence in day. The worker of rural manufactories who had usually small country economy were paid even less, than the city worker. Besides the part of a salary was given goods that was very favorable to the businessman. The cheapest was applied to the businessman in manufactories also female and child labor. In the village farmers capitalists paid a high rent to landlords due to increase in prices for products of agriculture and reduction of wages by the agricultural worker.
Process of initial accumulation created in the country not only the hired force and the capital, but also necessary domestic market: the ruined small producers became also sellers of the labor, and buyers of means of livelihood.
In economic zones of the United Arab Emirates a number of chemical, petrochemical m of the automobile companies works. Creation of the enterprises of the heavy industry in free zones is connected with their natural resources.
Implementation of industrialization in branches of the light and food industry allowed to save up the considerable capitals in rather short terms and to attract them in branch of the heavy industry which as a result of industrial revolution starts developing in England fast rates. Technical revolution happened in metallurgy, in transport, in a mining industry, and, above all such branch of a national economy as mechanical engineering arose and started developing.
- parks of technological development which are created on the basis of the scientific technical potential existing in the host country, but with participation of the foreign capital and with use of the progressive equipment, nou-Hau, and also foreign administrative, commercial and marketing experience;
The essence of a phenomenon of the new industrial countries (NIC) consists that in many developing states agrarian raw specialization of economy is overcome, the diversified industrial complex is formed, the model of the "open economy" capable to adapt for the international markets is debugged. To the first generation of the industrial countries carry Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, to the second - Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, India, Pakistan, Turkey, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Colombia, Chile.
Expelled from the primordial earth, peasants, having lost any means of livelihood, represented the main source of wage labor for the capitalist enterprises. To this group of unfortunate poor people the people who lost means of livelihood as a result of the reformation which is carried out in England in the middle of the 16th century, abolition over 3 thousand English Catholic monasteries and confiscation by the state of their property and lands increased.